(10) Property, plant and equipment

(10a) Assets in ownership

Items of property, plant and equipment are measured at cost or estimated cost less accumulated depreciation (see below) and impairments. Cost includes costs that can be directly allocated to the acquisition of the asset. The cost of self-constructed assets includes the cost of materials, direct labour costs, financing costs and any other costs that can be directly allocated to making the asset ready for use, as well as any costs of dismantling and removing the asset and restoring the site where the asset is located. The costs of self-constructed assets and acquired assets include (i) the initial estimate at the time of installation of the costs of dismantling and removing the assets and restoring the site on which the assets are located and (ii) changes in the measurement of existing liabilities recognised in relation to the costs identified in (i) above.

(10b) Expenses after initial recognition

The Group includes the cost of replacing part of an asset in the carrying amount of items of property, plant and equipment when the cost is incurred. This occurs if it is likely that the future economic benefits of the asset will accrue to the Group and the cost price of the asset can be reliably determined. All other expenses are taken to the statement of profit or loss when these are incurred.

(10c) Depreciation of property, plant and equipment

Depreciation is recognised in the statement of profit or loss using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of each part of an item of property, plant or equipment. The residual values are reassessed on an annual basis. Depreciation is not applied to land. The estimated useful lives are as follows:

  • Buildings: main building structures and roofs: 30 years

  • Buildings: technical equipment: 15 years

  • Buildings: interior walls: 10 years

  • Office equipment: 3-10 years

  • Machines: 5-10 years

  • Installations: 5-10 years

  • Large-scale equipment and other capital assets: 3-10 years

(10d) Investment property

Given its marginal importance, investment property (property held for its rental income and/or increase in value) is recognised under property, plant and equipment. Investment property is measured at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost includes costs that can be directly allocated to the acquisition of the asset. The cost of self-constructed assets includes the cost of materials, direct labour costs, financing costs and any other costs that can be directly allocated to making the asset ready for use, as well as any costs of dismantling and removing the asset and restoring the site where the asset is located.

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