(15) Inventories

(15a) Strategic land holdings

The strategic land holdings represent the reported land holdings that are managed centrally in the Company’s strategic land portfolio. These holdings are acquired and held for future property development. The interest and development costs for land holdings that are under development are capitalised. The land holdings are measured at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

(15b) Other inventories

Other inventories include unsold residential property in preparation and under construction (including planning and building consents), raw materials and consumables finished products (including land and premises for sale).

Inventories are measured at cost, or at net realisable value if lower. The net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale. The cost of inventories includes expenditure incurred in acquiring the inventories, the production or conversion costs, and the other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to its current location and current condition. The cost of inventories includes an appropriate share of production overheads based on normal operating capacity, as well as the attributable financing expenses. For fungible inventories the first-in, first-out (FIFO) principle applies.

Land and premises for sale concerns land and premises that have been technically delivered as developed but which on the reporting date were not sold to third parties. The inventories of land and premises for sale is valued at cost (including interest and allocated overhead costs), less any write-downs relating to a lower net realisable value as a consequence of the risk of inability to sell or rent.

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