(9) Income tax

(9a) Income tax

Income tax recognised in the statement of profit or loss during the financial year comprises the income tax owed or refundable over the reporting period and the deferred income tax. The income tax is recognised in the statement of profit or loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in other comprehensive income. In that case, the relevant portion of the income tax is recognised in other comprehensive income.

The income tax owed or refundable over the financial year is the expected tax payable on the taxable income for the financial year, using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted on the reporting date, as well as adjustments to tax payable in respect of previous years.

Additional income tax that arises from the distribution of dividends is recognised at the same time as the liability to pay the related dividend is recognised.

(9b) Deferred tax

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognised in respect of available tax loss carryforwards and temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes, and the values used for taxation purposes. A deferred tax asset or liability is not recognised to the extent that it arises from initial recognition of goodwill or initial recognition of assets or liabilities in a transaction that is not a business combination or which, at the time the transaction, does not affect accounting or taxable profit. The amount of the deferred tax assets and liabilities is based on the manner in which the expected asset and liability carrying amounts will be realised or settled, based on the income tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted on the reporting date.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are set off against each other if there is a right enforceable by law to set them off, and if these tax assets and liabilities are associated with income tax levied by the same tax authority on the same taxable entity, or on different taxable entities that intend to set them off or that will be realising the tax assets at the same time as the tax liabilities.

A deferred tax asset (net of any deferred tax liability) is recognised only to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profits will be available that can be utilised towards realising the deferred asset. The amount of the deferred tax asset is reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realised.

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